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Main research articles

Under review

Su, M., Thiebaut de Schotten, M., Zhao, J., Song, S., Zhou, W., Gong, G., Ramus, F., Shu, H. (submitted). Vocabulary growth rate from preschool to school-age years is reflected in the connectivity of the arcuate fasciculus in 14-year-old children.

Mirza-Schreiber, N., Czamara, D., Gialluisi, A., Pütz, B., Malik, R., Kam-Thong, T., … Ramus, F., Scerri, T. S., Paracchini, S., Fisher, S. E., Nöthen, M., Schulte-Körne, Müller-Myhsok, B. (submitted). Genome-Wide SNP-SNP Interaction Analysis implicates epistatic effects in the pathogenesis of dyslexia.

Ramus, F., Altarelli, I., Jednoróg, K., Zhao, J., & Scotto di Covella, L. (submitted). Neuroanatomy of developmental dyslexia : pitfalls and promise.

Su, M., Zhao, J., Thiebaut de Schotten, M., Zhou, W., Gong, G., Ramus, F., & Shu, H. (submitted). Alterations in white matter pathways underlying phonological and morphological processing in Chinese developmental dyslexia. 

Scotto di Covella, L., Leroy, F., Cauvet, E., Girard, F., Couvignou, M., Caron-Guyon, J., … Ramus, F. (submitted). Morphometry of three sulci in developmental dyslexia. 

In press

Ramus, F. (in press). General intelligence is an emerging property, not an evolutionary puzzle. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. [Commentary] 


Peyre, H., Charkaluk, M.-L., Forhan, A., Heude, B., & Ramus, F. (2017). Do developmental milestones at 4, 8, 12 and 24 months predict IQ at 5–6 years old? Results of the EDEN mother–child cohort. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 21(2), 272‑279.

Płoński, P., Gradkowski, W., Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., Van Ermingen-Marbach, M., Grande, M., . . . , Ramus, F., & Jednoróg, K. (2017). Multi-parameter machine learning approach to the neuroanatomical basis of developmental dyslexia. Human Brain Mapping, 38(2), 900‑908.

Forgeot d’Arc, B., Delorme, R., Zalla, T., Lefebvre, A., Amsellem, F., Moukawane, S., . . . Ramus, F. (2017). Gaze Direction Detection in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism, 21(1), 100-107.

Su, M., Peyre, H., Song, S., McBride, C., Tardif, T., Li, H., Zhang, Y., Liang, W., Zhang, Z., Ramus, F., Shu, H. (2017). The influence of early linguistic skills and family factors on literacy acquisition in Chinese children: Follow-up from age 3 to age 11. Learning and Instruction, 49, 54–63. 

Peyre, H., Galera, C., van der Waerden, J., Hoertel, N., Bernard, J. Y., Melchior, M., & Ramus, F. (2016). Relationship between early language skills and the development of inattention/hyperactivity symptoms during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort. BMC Psychiatry, 16, 380.

Peyre, H., Bernard, J. Y., Hoertel, N., Forhan, A., Charles, M.-A., De Agostini, M., … Ramus, F. (2016). Differential effects of determinants of cognitive development on verbal and nonverbal skills at the age of 5-6 years in the EDEN mother-child cohort. Cognitive Development, 40, 152–162.

Roux, P., Smith, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2016). Preserved implicit mentalizing in schizophrenia despite poor explicit performance: evidence from eye tracking. Scientific Reports, 6, 34728.

Saksida, A., Iannuzzi, S., Bogliotti, C., Chaix, Y., Démonet, J. F., Bricout, L., . . . Ramus, F. (2016). Phonological skills, visual attention span, and visual stress in developmental dyslexia: insights from a population of French children. Developmental Psychology, 52(10), 1503–1516.

Hippolyte, L., Maillard, A. M., Rodriguez-Herreros, B., Pain, A., Martin, S., Ferrari, C., . . . Ramus, F., Beckmann, J., Draganski, B., Reymond, A., Jacquemont, S. (2016). The number of genomic copies at the 16p11.2 locus modulates language, verbal memory and inhibition. Biological Psychiatry, 80(2), 129-139. 

Szenkovits, G., Darma, Q., Darcy, I., & Ramus, F. (2016). Exploring dyslexics’ phonological deficit II: phonological grammar. First Language, 36(3), 316–337.

Forgeot d’Arc, B., Ramus, F., Lefebvre, A., Brottier, D., Zalla, T., Moukawane, S., . . . Delorme, R. (2016). Atypical Social Judgment and Sensitivity to Perceptual Cues in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46¸ 1574-1581.

Roux, P., Brunet-Gouet, E., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2016). Eyetracking reveals a slowdown of social context processing during intention attribution in schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 41(2), E13-E21.  

Peyre, H., Ramus, F., Melchior, M., Forhan, A., Heude, B., & Gauvrit, N. (2016). Emotional, behavioral and social difficulties among high-IQ children during the preschool period: Results of the EDEN mother-child cohort. Personality and Individual Differences, 94, 366-371. 

Zhao, J., Thiebaut de Schotten, M., Altarelli, I., Dubois, J., & Ramus, F. (2016). Altered hemispheric lateralization of white matter tracts in developmental dyslexia: Evidence from spherical deconvolution tractography. Cortex, 76, 51-62.

Martinaud, O., Pouliquen, D., Parain, D., Goldenberg, A., Gérardin, E., Hannequin, D., Altarelli, I., Ramus, F., Hertz-Pannier, L., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Cohen, L. (2015). Impaired functional differentiation for categories of objects in the ventral visual stream: a case of developmental visual impairment. Neuropsychologia, 77, 52-61

Jednoróg, K., Marchewka, A., Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., van Ermingen-Marbach, M., Grande, M., Grabowska, A., Heim, S., & Ramus, F. (2015). How reliable are grey matter disruptions in specific reading disability across multiple countries and languages? Insights from a large-scale voxel-based morphometry study. Human Brain Mapping, 36(5), 1741-1754.

Roux, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2015). An eyetracking investigation of intentional motion perception in schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 40(2), 118-125.

Ramus, F. (2014). Should there really be a “Dyslexia debate”? Brain, 137, 3371-3374.

Altarelli, I., Leroy, F., Monzalvo, K., Fluss, J., Billard, C., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., . . . Ramus, F. (2014). Planum temporale asymmetry in developmental dyslexia: revisiting an old question. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 5717-5735.

Roux, P., Forgeot d’Arc, B., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2014). Is the Theory of Mind deficit observed in visual paradigms in schizophrenia explained by an impaired attention toward gaze orientation? Schizophrenia Research, 157, 78-83.

Agus, T. R., Carrión Castillo, A., Pressnitzer, D., & Ramus, F. (2014). Perceptual learning of acoustic noise by dyslexic individuals. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 57, 1069-1077.

Ramus, F. (2014). Neuroimaging sheds new light on the phonological deficit in dyslexia. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 18, 274-275.

Becker, J., Czamara, D., Scerri, T. S., Ramus, F., Csépe, V., Talcott, J. B., . . . Schumacher, J. (2014). Genetic analysis of dyslexia candidate genes in the European cross-linguistic NeuroDys cohort. European Journal of Human Genetics, 22, 675-680.

Peyre, H., Bernard, J. Y., Forhan, A., Charles, M.-A., De Agostini, M., Heude, B., & Ramus, F. (2014). Predicting changes in language skills between 2 and 3 years in the EDEN mother–child cohort. PeerJ, 2, e335. doi: 10.7717/peerj.335

Moll, K., Ramus, F., Bartling, J., Bruder, J., Kunze, S., Neuhoff, N., . . . Landerl, K. (2014). Cognitive mechanisms underlying reading and spelling development in five European orthographies. Learning and Instruction, 29, 65-77.

Ramus, F. (2013). What's the point of neuropsychoanalysis? British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, 170-171.
Followed by comments and by: Ramus, F. (2013). Author’s reply. British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, 390-391. 

Lehongre, K., Morillon, B., Giraud, A. L., & Ramus, F. (2013). Impaired auditory sampling in dyslexia: Further evidence from combined fMRI and EEG. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 454. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00454

Altarelli, I., Monzalvo, K., Iannuzzi, S., Fluss, J., Billard, C., Ramus, F., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2013). A functionally guided approach to the morphometry of occipito-temporal regions in developmental dyslexia: evidence for differential effects in boys and girls. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(27), 11296-11301.

Landerl, K.*, Ramus, F.*, Moll, K., Lyytinen, H., Leppänen, P. H. T., Lohvansuu, K., . . . Schulte-Körne, G. (2013). Predictors of developmental dyslexia in European orthographies with varying complexity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(6), 686-694. *equal contributors

Ramus, F., Marshall, C. R., Rosen, S., & van der Lely, H. K. J. (2013). Phonological deficits in specific language impairment and developmental dyslexia: towards a multidimensional model. Brain, 136(2), 630-645. (including supplementary data)

Giraud, A. L., & Ramus, F. (2013). Neurogenetics and auditory processing in developmental dyslexia. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23(1), 37-42. 

Roux, P., Passerieux, C., & Ramus, F. (2013). Kinematics matters: a new eye-tracking investigation of animated triangles. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66(2), 229-244.

Ramus, F., & Ahissar, M. (2012). Developmental dyslexia: the difficulties of interpreting poor performance, and the importance of normal performance. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 29(1-2), 104-122.

Jednoróg, K.*, Altarelli, I.*, Monzalvo, K., Fluss, J., Dubois, J., Billard, C., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., & Ramus, F. (2012). The Influence of Socioeconomic Status on Children’s Brain Structure. PLoS ONE, 7(8), e42486. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042486. *equal contributors

Joly, O., Pallier, C., Ramus, F., Pressnitzer, D., Vanduffel, W., & Orban, G. A. (2012). Processing of vocalizations in humans and monkeys: A comparative fMRI study. NeuroImage, 62, 1376-1389.  [blog feature]

Joly, O., Ramus, F., Pressnitzer, D., Vanduffel, W., & Orban, G. A. (2012). Interhemispheric differences in auditory processing revealed by fMRI in awake rhesus monkeys. Cerebral Cortex, 22, 838-853. 

Lehongre, K., Ramus, F., Villiermet, N., Schwartz, D., & Giraud, A. L. (2011). Altered low-gamma sampling in auditory cortex accounts for the three main facets of dyslexia. Neuron, 72(6), 1080-1090. preprint

Forgeot d'Arc, B., & Ramus, F. (2011). Belief attribution despite verbal interference. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64(5), 975-990. preprint

Minagawa-Kawai, Y., van der Lely, H. K. J., Ramus, F., Sato, Y., Mazuka, R., & Dupoux, E. (2011). Optical brain imaging reveals auditory general and language-specific processing in early infant development. Cerebral Cortex, 21, 254-261.preprint

Marshall, C. R., Ramus, F., & van der Lely, H. (2010). Do children with dyslexia and/or specific language impairment compensate for place assimilation? Insight into phonological grammar and representations. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 27(7), 563-586. preprint

Soroli, E., Szenkovits, G., & Ramus, F. (2010). Exploring dyslexics' phonological deficit III: Foreign speech perception and production. Dyslexia, 16, 318-340. preprint

Ramus, F., Peperkamp, S., Christophe, A., Jacquemot, C., Kouider, S., & Dupoux, E. (2010). A psycholinguistic perspective on the acquisition of phonology. In C. Fougeron, B. Kühnert, M. d'Imperio & N. Vallée (Eds.), Laboratory Phonology 10: Variation, Phonetic Detail and Phonological Representation (pp. 311-340). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.preprint

Darcy, I., Ramus, F., Christophe, A., Kinzler, K., & Dupoux, E. (2009). Phonological knowledge in compensation for native and non-native assimilation. In F. Kügler, C. Féry & R. van de Vijver (Eds.), Variation and Gradience in Phonetics and Phonology (pp. 265-309). Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.preprint

Marshall, C. R., Harcourt-Brown, S., Ramus, F., & van der Lely, H. K. J. (2009). The link between prosody and language skills in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and/or dyslexia. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 44(4), 466-488.preprint 

Järvinen-Pasley, A., Wallace, G. L., Ramus, F., Happé, F., & Heaton, P. (2008). Enhanced perceptual processing of speech in autism. Developmental Science, 11(1), 109-121. reprint

Ramus, F., & Szenkovits, G. (2008). What phonological deficit? Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61(1), 129-141. reprint
Reprinted as: Ramus, F., & Szenkovits, G. (2008). What phonological deficit? In D. V. M. Bishop, M. J. Snowling & S.-J. Blakemore (Eds.), Neurocognitive approaches to developmental disorders: A festschrift for Uta Frith (pp. 129-141). Hove: Psychology Press.

Galaburda, A. M., LoTurco, J., Ramus, F., Fitch, R. H., & Rosen, G. D. (2006). From genes to behavior in developmental dyslexia. Nature Neuroscience, 9(10), 1213-1217. reprint (Spanish translation)

Ramus, F. (2006). Genes, brain, and cognition: A roadmap for the cognitive scientist. Cognition, 101(2), 247-269. reprint (Introduction to a Cognition Special Issue)

Milne, E., White, S., Campbell, R., Swettenham, J., Hansen, P. C., & Ramus, F. (2006). Motion and form coherence detection in autistic spectrum disorder: Relationship to motor control and 2:4 digit ratio. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(2), 225-237. reprint

White, S., Frith, U., Milne, E., Rosen, S., Swettenham, J., & Ramus, F. (2006). A double dissociation between sensorimotor impairments and reading disability: A comparison of autistic and dyslexic children.  Cognitive Neuropsychology, 23(5), 748-761. reprint

White, S., Milne, E., Rosen, S., Hansen, P. C., Swettenham, J., Frith, U., & Ramus, F. (2006). The role of sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia: A multiple case study of dyslexic children. Developmental Science, 9(3), 237-255. reprint
    Followed by commentaries by Bishop, Goswami, Nicolson & Fawcett, and Tallal.
    Followed by our reply: Ramus, F., White, S., & Frith, U. (2006). Weighing the evidence between competing theories of dyslexia. Developmental Science, 9(3), 265-269.

Szenkovits, G., & Ramus, F. (2005). Exploring dyslexics' phonological deficit I: lexical vs. sub-lexical and input vs. output processes. Dyslexia, 11(4), 253-268. reprint

Ramus, F. (2005). Motion perception deficit: risk factor or non-specific marker for neuro-developmental disorders? Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/Current Psychology of Cognition, 23(1-2), 180-188. reprint (Commentary on Milne et al. 2005)

Tincoff, R., Hauser, M., Tsao, F., Spaepen, G., Ramus, F., & Mehler, J. (2005). The role of speech rhythm in language discrimination: Further tests with a nonhuman primate. Developmental Science, 8(1), 26-35. reprint

Ramus, F. (2004). Neurobiology of dyslexia: A reinterpretation of the data. Trends in Neurosciences, 27(12), 720-726. reprint

Ramus, F. (2004). Should neuroconstructivism guide developmental research? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8(3), 100-101. (Commentary on Goswami 2003reprint

Ramus, F., Dupoux, E., & Mehler, J. (2003). The psychological reality of rhythm classes: Perceptual studies. Paper presented at the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, 3-9/08/03 (pp. 337-342). reprint

Nazzi, T. & Ramus, F. (2003). Perception and acquisition of linguistic rhythm by infants. Speech Communication 41(1-2), 233-243reprint

Ramus, F., Pidgeon, E., & Frith, U. (2003). The relationship between motor control and phonology in dyslexic children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44 (5), 712-722reprint

Ramus, F. (2003). Developmental dyslexia: specific phonological deficit or general sensorimotor dysfunction? Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 13(2), 212-218. reprint

Ramus, F., Rosen, S., Dakin, S. C., Day, B. L., Castellote, J. M., White, S., & Frith, U. (2003). Theories of developmental dyslexia: Insights from a multiple case study of dyslexic adults. Brain, 126, 841-865. reprint (supplementary material)

Ramus, F. (2002). Evidence for a domain-specific deficit in developmental dyslexia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25(6), 767-768. (Commentary on Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith 2002reprint

Ramus, F. (2002). Language discrimination by newborns: Teasing apart phonotactic, rhythmic, and intonational cues. Annual Review of Language Acquisition, 2, 85-115. reprint

Ramus, F. (2002). Acoustic correlates of linguistic rhythm: Perspectives. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2002, Aix-en-Provence, 11-13/04/02 (pp. 115-120). reprint

Ramus, F. (2001). Outstanding questions about phonological processing in dyslexia. Dyslexia, 7, 197-216. reprint

Ramus, F. (2001). Dyslexia - Talk of two theories. Nature, 412, 393-395. reprint

Ramus, F., Hauser, M. D., Miller, C., Morris, D., & Mehler, J. (2000). Language discrimination by human newborns and by cotton-top tamarin monkeys. Science, 288, 349-351. (abstract and reprint)(supplementary material)
(reprinted in Tomasello, M., & Bates, E. (Eds.). (2001). Language development: The essential readings. Oxford: Blackwell.)

Dominey, P. F., & Ramus, F. (2000). Neural Network Processing of Natural Language: I. Sensitivity to Serial, Temporal and Abstract Structure in the Infant. Language and Cognitive Processes, 15(1), 87-127. reprint

Ramus, F., Nespor, M., & Mehler, J. (1999). Correlates of linguistic rhythm in the speech signal. Cognition, 73(3), 265-292. reprint

Ramus, F., & Mehler, J. (1999). Language identification with suprasegmental cues: A study based on speech resynthesis. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 105(1), 512-521. reprint

Other papers

Ramus, F., Altarelli, I., Jednoróg, K., Zhao, J., & Scotto di Covella, L. (in press). Brain asymmetries and sex differences in developmental dyslexia. In A. M. Galaburda, N. Gaab, F. Hoeft, & P. McCardle (Eds.), Dyslexia and Neuroscience: The Geschwind-Galaburda Hypothesis, 30 years later. Baltimore, MD: Brookes.

Ramus, F., & Collins, T. (2014). Training master students in cognitive science. IEEE AMD Newsletter, 11(2), 7-8. reprint

Altarelli, I., & Ramus, F. (2014). Developmental Dyslexia. In P. Brooks & V. Kempe (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Language Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ramus, F. (2014). Os transtornos especificos da leitura. In F. Muratori & R. Lerner (Eds.), Os enlaces do corpo e da escrita: na criança e no adolescente (pp. 13-34). São Paulo: Instituto Langage.

Ramus, F. (2013). Dyslexia, Phonological processing in. In H. Pashler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind (pp. 269-271). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.reprint

Ramus, F. (2013). Genetic basis of language: insights from developmental dyslexia. In J. J. Bolhuis & M. Everaert (Eds.), Birdsong, Speech and Language: Exploring the Evolution of Mind and Brain (pp. 471-485). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ramus, F. (2010). The phonological deficit at the heart of developmental dyslexia. In C. Rifkin (Ed.), Language Learning and Dyslexia (pp. 1-16). London: School of Oriental and African Studies.

Ramus, F., & Fisher, S. E. (2009). Genetics of language. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences IV (pp. 855-871). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.reprint

Ramus, F., & Szenkovits, G. (2009). Understanding the nature of the phonological deficit. In K. R. Pugh & P. McCardle (Eds.), How Children Learn To Read: Current Issues and New Directions in the Integration of Cognition, Neurobiology and Genetics of Reading and Dyslexia Research and Practice (pp. 153-169). New York: Psychology Press.

Ramus, F. (2007). Papers not in the right section? Science, 317(5837), 453. (letter to the editor)

Ramus, F. (2006). A neurological model of dyslexia and other domain-specific developmental disorders with an associated sensorimotor syndrome. In G. D. Rosen (Ed.), The Dyslexic Brain: New Pathways in Neuroscience Discovery (pp. 75-101). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. reprint

Ramus, F. (2004). The neural basis of reading acquisition. In M. S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences (3rd ed., pp. 815-824). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. reprint

Johnson, E. K., Jusczyk, P. W., & Ramus, F. (2003). The role of segmental information in language discrimination by English-learning 5-month-olds. In D. Houston & A. Seidl & G. Hollich & E. Johnson & A. Jusczyk (Eds.), Jusczyk Lab Final Report. Retrieved from

Ramus, F., & Mehler, J. (2002). In praise of functional psychology. In A. M. Galaburda & S. M. Kosslyn & Y. Christen (Eds.), The Languages of the Brain (pp. 166-178). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bertram, C.D., Muller, M., Ramus, F. and Nugent, A.H. (2001). Measurements of steady turbulent flow through a rigid simulated collapsed tube. Med. & Biol. Eng. & Comput. 39(4), 422-427. (partly based on my final undergraduate project in fluid biomechanics back in 1995)

Mehler, J., Christophe, A., & Ramus, F. (2000). How infants acquire language: some preliminary observations. In A. Marantz, Y. Miyashita, & W. O'Neil (Eds.), Image, Language, Brain: Papers from the first Mind-Brain Articulation Project symposium (pp. 51-75). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. reprint

Dominey, P. F., & Ramus, F. (1999). A neural network model of language classification based on prosodic structures. In F. Pellegrino (Ed.), De la caractérisation à l'identification des langues, Actes de la 1ère journée d'étude sur l'identification automatique des langues, Lyon, 19/01/1999 (pp. 202-212). Lyon : Editions de l'Institut des Sciences de l'Homme.